Sample: Fasting serum or plasma stored refrigerated in lithium heparin 0.5 mL
Units: mg/dL Factor x 0,05551 = mmol/L
Range: 74 mg/dL - 110 mg/dL
Remarks: Increased in Diabetes and Hyperglycemia due to some thyroid and pituitary diseases. Decreased because of insulin excess (exogenous or insulinoma) and in some types of glycogen-storage disorders.
Type 1 Diabetes (Insulin dependent): The insulin-producing beta cells of the pancreas are almost completely demaged and do not produce insulin.
Type 2 Diabetes (Non-insulin dependent): The insulin-producing beta cells of the pancreas produce either not enough insulin or the body of the patients becames resistant to the effects of their own insulin.